Cannabis Impairment in the Workplace

Cannabis / Marijuana is now a legal substance for purchase and use in Canada and many U.S. states which requires thousands of Employers to alter their existing Drug, Substance, Impairment, and Alcohol Policies. These updated policies must address both the drug testing timelines for detection of Cannabis / Marijuana and/or Cannabis / Marijuana metabolites, and

U.S. States that prohibit Cannabis / Marijuana Drug Testing

Legislation in many U.S. states has changed to prohibit some Employers from conducting Cannabis / Marijuana drug testing in the workplace and other technologies are now required to assess for potential Worker impairment. Quick Test™ can assist Employers to assess a Worker in the work area when impairment is suspected.

Cannabis / Marijuana THC Impairment

When a Worker uses a Cannabis / Marijuana substance, such as Cannabis / Marijuana Flower, that contains Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA or 2-COOH-THC) which when heated causes a decarboxylation process to convert THCA to the psychoactive cannabinoid Tetrahydrocannabinol / (−)-trans-Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the Worker may suffer from THC related cognitive function impairment in their executive functions of

Cannabis / Marijuana Urine Drug Testing

The timeline for detection of the main secondary metabolite of THC in urine drug testing, known as 11-Nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol / 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC / THC-11-oic acid / (11-COOH-THC or THC-COOH or as defined by the US Department of Transportation(DOT) ∆-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid (THCA)), above the Employer confirmatory test cut-off concentration can be as long as 6 weeks after the

Cannabis / Marijuana Oral Fluid Drug Testing

The timeline for detection in oral fluid laboratory testing for the presence of Tetrahydrocannabinol / (−)-trans-Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) above the Employer confirmatory test cut-off concentration can be from 15 minutes after last use to more than 5 days after the last use of a Cannabis / Marijuana substance containing THC. THC that is stored in the

Cannabis / Marijuana Edibles

When a Person consumes Cannabis / Marijuana edible substances, any available THC is rapidly oxidized to its active metabolite 11-Hydroxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (11-OH-THC or 11-hydroxy-THC). 11-hydroxy-THC rapidly crosses the blood–brain barrier and can be up to 6 times more impairing than a similar dose of THC that was consumed by smoking or vaping. 11-hydroxy-THC has a later

Breath THC testing

Breath THC testing is in the testing phase with some data being collected by law enforcement agencies. No case law has been established to support Employer location breath THC testing. Breath THC testing can be difficult and potentially expensive due to the lipophilic nature of THC, unlike ethyl alcohol which is water soluble. This is

CBD, CBDA, CBN, CBG, CBC, THCV, CBDV, and other Cannabinoid Effects

All cannabinoids and/or cannabinoid metabolites that enter the human body can interact with the human endocannabinoid system which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins, that are present throughout the vertebrate central nervous system, brain, and the peripheral nervous system. There are more than 114 known cannabinoids and

THC Tolerance

Any Worker, and especially a Worker that has a moderate to high THC tolerance, that uses any Cannabis / Marijuana substance is always at risk of being in violation of the blood drug levels, related to the operation of a motor vehicle or other conveyance, that are defined in Criminal Code and other Legislation as

Zero tolerance for Cannabis / Marijuana use

Employers that require a total prohibition from any form of Cannabis/Marijuana use as a bona fide occupational requirement (BFOR) must enforce this total prohibition. This includes Employers that must comply with the US Department of Transportation (DOT) legislation, many Oil and Gas Industries with Workers that are in a safety sensitive position, and when required